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Television Production Course Outline

Television Production Course Outline

This course is an introduction to the basic principles, procedures, and techniques of television production. The Television Elective course includes video control, special effects, operation of cameras and editing machines, composition, lighting, staging, and directing, on-camera announcing and interviewing.

1- Welcome to Class

  • IIntroduction and Course Description
  • Course Objective and other class expectations–TV Production

2- TV Production Overview

  • TV Production
  • Part II
  • Part II
  • TV Production II
  • Three Production Phases
  • Part II
  • Confusing the Medium With the Message
  • Assignment: TV Production Roles Assignment

3- Program Proposals

  • Introduction
  • Writing the Program Proposal
  • Agreement On Your Proposal
  • Proposal Engages the Audience
  • Assignment: TV Production Proposal

4- Capturing/Holding Viewer Attention

  • Introduction
  • Get Their Attention!
  • Reality 101
  • Hit the Target (Audience)
  • Audience-Engaging Techniques
  • Assignment: Viewer Attention–Public Relations

5- Quiz

  • Quiz: Proposals/Viewer Attention

6- Fifteen Production Steps

  • The Production Sequence
  • Identify the Purpose
  • Check Out Similar Productions
  • Treatment/Production Proposal
  • Decide On Locations
  • Permits, Insurance and Clearances
  • Quiz: Production Steps

7- Storyboard Project

  • Assignment: Television Production Vocabulary
  • Assignment: Choose Your Favorite TV Show

8- Scripts

  • Introduction
  • Concrete-to-Abstract Continuum
  • Assignment: Concrete-to-Abstract Continuum Short Answer
  • Spicing Up Interviews
  • Assignment: Spicing up Interviews Short Answer
  • Script Writing Guidelines
  • Assignment: Short Answer– Broadcast Writing Guidelines
  • Script Writing Guidelines II
  • Broadcast Style
  • Worksheet: Broadcast Style
  • Ten News writing Guidelines
  • Assignment: Newswriting Guidelines–Short Answer
  • Correlate Audio and Video
  • Assignment: Audio and video
  • Lost vs. Bored
  • Worksheet: Lost vs. Bored–Short Answer
  • Video Grammar
  • Worksheet: Video Grammar
  • Script Terms and Abbreviations
  • Assignment: Script Terms and Abbreviations
  • Internet Resources and Script Assignment
  • Assignment: Script Project

9- Script Project

  • Quiz: Scripts
  • Assignment: Script Project

10- Costing-Out A Production

  • Introduction
  • Above/Below The Line
  • Renting vs. Buying Equipment
  • Attributing Costs

11- The TV Process

  • Introduction
  • Fields and Frames
  • Camera’s Imaging Device
  • Analog and Digital Signals
  • Assignment: TV Process Assessment

12- World Television Standards

  • Introduction
  • Aspect Ratios
  • NTSC Broadcast Standard
  • PAL and SECAM Television Systems
  • Film and Video Conversion Processes
  • Digital and High-Definition Television
  • Anatomy of Digital TV Signals
  • World Television Standards
  • Converting Wide-Screen Formats
  • HDTV In-Set Conversion
  • Digital Cinema

13- Quiz

  • Quiz: Cost, Process, Standards

14- Lenses

  • Introduction
  • Lens Focal Length
  • Zoom and Prime Lenses
  • Angle of View
  • A Zoom vs. A Dolly
  • Zoom Ratio
  • Distance Speed Perspective
  • Compressing Distance
  • Wandering Road Signs
  • Apparent Speed of Objects
  • Perspective Changes

15- F-Stops and Creative Focus

  • Techniques
  • Techniques(cont)
  • Depth of Field
  • Focusing A Lens
  • Selective Focus
  • Follow Focus
  • Auto focus Lenses
  • Macro Lens Setting

16- Lens Assignment

  • Assignment: Lenses/ Focus Assignment

17- Filters and Lens

  • Lens Shades
  • Filters
  • Polarizing Filters
  • Contrast Control Filters
  • Color Conversion Filters
  • Fluorescent Light
  • General Considerations

18- Final Elements

  • Introduction
  • Lens Coatings
  • Cleaning Lenses
  • Rain Jackets
  • Short Boxes
  • Lens Mounts

19- Wonderful World of Color

  • Introduction
  • Subtractive Color
  • Additive Color
  • Simultaneous Contrast
  • Three-Chip Video Cameras
  • One-Chip Color Cameras
  • Video Quality I
  • The Waveform Monitor
  • Video Quality
  • Vector scope

20- Quiz

  • Quiz: Filters, Elements, Color

21- Video Camera Operation

  • Camera Basics
  • Video Resolution
  • Determining Resolution
  • Light Levels
  • Night Vision Modules
  • Camera Mounts
  • Camera Basics II
  • Studio Camera Mounts
  • Follow Me Camera Mount
  • Camera Jibs
  • Camera Tracks

22- Color Balancing Cameras

  • Introduction
  • White Balancing
  • Lying to Your Camera
  • Black Level
  • Color Reproduction

23- Creative Control

  • Shutter Speeds
  • Resulting Exposure
  • CCD Shutter Speed
  • Stroboscopic Effects
  • High Shutter Speeds
  • Variable Frame Rate Cameras

24- View Finders

  • Camera Viewfinder
  • Left and Right-Eyed People
  • Camera Safe Areas
  • Adjusting the Viewfinder
  • Status Indicators

25- Quiz

  • Quiz: Camera, Viewers, Color

26- Camera Prompters

  • Introduction
  • Issues
  • Hard Copy Prompters

27- Composition and Graphics

  • Setting the Scene
  • Form vs. Content
  • Insert Shots and Cutaways
  • Enhancing the Message
  • Defining Composition

28- Elements of Composition

  • Introduction
  • Slow = Boring
  • Depicting Emotional States
  • Selective Focus
  • Leading the Subject
  • Horizontal and Vertical Lines

29- Elements of Composition II

  • Maintaining Tonal Balance
  • Balance Mass
  • Pattern of Meaning
  • Concrete and the Abstract
  • Using Lines
  • Frame Central Subject Matter

30- Elements of Composition III

  • Introduction
  • Convey Meaning
  • Avoid Mergers
  • Number of Prime Objects
  • Balance Complexity and Order
  • Movement and Meaning

31- Quiz

  • Quiz: Elements of Compostion

32- Graphics and Virtual Reality Sets

  • Introduction
  • Titling
  • Image Editors
  • 3-D Modeling and Animation
  • Electronic Graphics
  • Graphics and Virtual Reality Sets II
  • Motion Tracking

33- Lighting

  • Introduction
  • Light Coherence
  • Hard/Soft Lighting
  • Ultra-Soft Lighting
  • Color Temperature
  • Varying Color Temperature
  • Broken Spectrum Sources
  • Fluorescents
  • Types of Discharge Lights
  • Controlling Intensity
  • Studio/Field Light Levels
  • Light Meters
  • Light Meters II
  • Sensitivity of a Video Camera
  • Color Temperature Meters
  • Controlling Light Intensity

34- Lighting II

  • Lighting Instruments
  • Fresnels/Scoops
  • Ellipsoidal Spots
  • Camera Lights
  • Attachments to Lighting Instruments
  • The Key Light
  • Key Light Considerations
  • The Key’s Vertical Angle
  • Sun As a Key
  • Background Lights
  • The Fill Light
  • The Back Light

35- Lighting III

  • Lighting Ratios
  • Back Light Intensity
  • Subject-to-Background Distance
  • Special Lighting
  • Bounced Light
  • Lighting Multiple Subjects
  • Area Lighting
  • Natural Light
  • Altering Appearances
  • Minimizing Surface Detail
  • High/Low Key
  • Final Issues
  • Lighting Plot
  • Setting Up Lights
  • Power Issues
  • Quiz: Lighting

36- Creating a floorplan for the studio set

  • Assignment: project

37- Audio

  • The Basics
  • Loudness
  • Frequency
  • Listening Conditions
  • Microphones
  • Dynamic Microphones
  • Types of Mics
  • Directional Characteristics
  • Cardioid
  • Microphones II
  • Positioning Handheld Mics
  • Forced Perception
  • Mic Connectors
  • Wireless Microphones
  • Transmitting Range
  • Wireless Mic
  • Off-Camera
  • The Shotgun Mic
  • Microphone Booms

38- Audio II

  • Sound Types
  • Multi-Track Recording
  • X-Y and M-S Micing Techniques
  • Keeping Dialogue
  • Surround-Sound
  • Digital Audio
  • Copying vs. Cloning
  • Audio Levels
  • Audio Control Devices
  • Microphones in the Studio
  • Multiple Mics
  • Audio Mixer Controls
  • Audio Recording
  • Compact Discs
  • Audio Recording II
  • Computer Hard Drives
  • Audio Editing Systems
  • Wrapping Up Audio
  • Compressors
  • Audio Expanders
  • Assignment: Audio Assignment
  • Assignment: Create an Audio Quiz

39- Video Recording

  • Introduction
  • Videotape Recording Process
  • Disk-Based Recording
  • Solid State Memory
  • Consumer Video Formats
  • Digital Compression
  • Compression Codecs
  • Consumer Video Formats
  • Digital Formats
  • RAM Recording
  • Professional Video Formats
  • One-Inch, Reel-to-Reel
  • Error-Correction Circuitry
  • Professional Digital Formats
  • DVCAM, Digital Betacam
  • High-Definition Formats
  • Video Recorder Operations
  • Spot-Checking a Tape
  • Care/Handling of Videotape
  • Quiz: Voice Recording

40- Editing

  • Continuity Editing
  • Changing Expected Continuity
  • Acceleration Editing
  • Causality
  • Continuity Techniques
  • Relational/Thematic Editing
  • Solving Continuity Problems
  • Bridging Interview Edits
  • Shooting Angles
  • Technical Continuity
  • Things To Be Alert For
  • Continuity Issues

41- Editing II

    • Editing Guidelines
    • Maintaining Consistency
    • Editing Guidelines II
    • Varying Tempo
    • Five Rules for Editing
    • Linear and Nonlinear Editing
    • Laptop Editing Systems
    • Video Servers
    • Making Use of Time-Code
    • Breaking the Code
    • Drop-Frame Time-code
    • User Bits
    • Longitudinal Time-code (LTC)
    • Jam-Sync in VITC Editing
    • On-Line and Off-Line Editing
    • Digital Editing
    • Paper-and-Pencil Edit
    • Quiz: Editing

42- Producing/Directing

  • Studio Production
  • The Directing Process
  • Color Bars, Slate Countdown Clock
  • Standby
  • Need to Anticipate
  • Video Switchers
  • Video Switchers II
  • Chroma Key
  • Multiple-Camera Remotes
  • On-Location Survey
  • Camera Positions
  • Audio Concerns
  • Single-Camera Production
  • Film-Style Dramatic Production
  • The Master Shot
  • Actors and Talent

43- TV Jobs Assignment

  • Assignment: TV Jobs

44- News and Documentary

  • Introduction
  • Difference Between ENG and EFP
  • Broadcast News
  • Popular Documentaries
  • Controversial Subject Matter
  • ENG Personnel
  • Video Journalists
  • News Producer’s Checklist
  • News and Documentary
  • – On-Location News Interview
  • Be Prepared
  • Commitment and Courage
  • Transmissions
  • Fiber Optics
  • Microwave Links
  • The Cano beam System
  • Satellites
  • Satellites II
  • Flyaway Units
  • Quiz: News

45- Documentary Essay

  • Essay: Documentary Essay

46- Legal and Ethical

  • Introduction
  • Privacy-Public/Private Individuals
  • Intrusion
  • Guidelines for Intrusion
  • Shield Laws
  • Defamation
  • Staging
  • Moral Development
  • Comparable Footage
  • Public Domain
  • Music and Sound Effect
  • Do’s and Don’ts

47- Non-Broadcast Television

  • Introduction
  • Institutional Video
  • Presentation Formats
  • Vocational Video
  • Careers
  • Careers II
  • On-Camera/Behind-the-Camera
  • Colleges for Broadcasting
  • Broadcast Journalism
  • Internships
  • Résumés
  • Sample Résumé
  • Sample Cover Letter
  • Video Awards
  • Personal Interview
  • A Final Word

48- TV Supervisor Assignment

  • Assignment: TV Supervisor

49- Course Survey

  • Course Survey
  • Handout: Course Survey
  • Assignment: Course Survey
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