This course is an introduction to the basic principles, procedures, and techniques of television production. The Television Elective course includes video control, special effects, operation of cameras and editing machines, composition, lighting, staging, and directing, on-camera announcing and interviewing.

1- Welcome to Class
1- Introduction and Course Description
2- Course Objective and other class expectations–TV Production

2- TV Production Overview
1- TV Production
2- Bird’s Eye View
3- Part II
4- TV Production II
5- Three Production Phases
6- Part II
7- Confusing the Medium With the Message
Assignment: TV Production Roles Assignment

3- Program Proposals
1- Introduction
2- Writing the Program Proposal
3- Agreement On Your Proposal
4- Proposal Engages the Audience
Assignment: TV Production Proposal

4- Capturing/Holding Viewer Attention
1- Introduction
2- Get Their Attention!
3- Reality 101
4- Hit the Target (Audience)
5- Audience-Engaging Techniques
Assignment: Viewer Attention–Public Relations

5- Quiz
Quiz: Proposals/Viewer Attention

6- Fifteen Production Steps
1- The Production Sequence
2- Identify the Purpose
3- Check Out Similar Productions
4- Treatment/Production Proposal
5- Decide On Locations
6- Permits, Insurance and Clearances
Quiz: Production Steps

7- Storyboard Project
Assignment: Television Production Vocabulary
Assignment: Choose Your Favorite TV Show

8- Scripts
1- Introduction
2- Concrete-to-Abstract Continuum
Assignment: Concrete-to-Abstract Continuum Short Answer
3- Spicing Up Interviews
Assignment: Spicing up Interviews Short Answer
4- Script Writing Guidelines
Assignment: Short Answer– Broadcast Writing Guidelines
5- Script Writing Guidelines II
6- Broadcast Style
Worksheet: Broadcast Style
7- Ten News writing Guidelines
Assignment: Newswriting Guidelines–Short Answer
8- Correlate Audio and Video
Assignment: Audio and video
9- Lost vs. Bored
Worksheet: Lost vs. Bored–Short Answer
10- Video Grammar
Worksheet: Video Grammar
11- Script Terms and Abbreviations
Assignment: Script Terms and Abbreviations
12- Internet Resources and Script Assignment
Assignment: Script Project

9- Script Project
Quiz: Scripts
Assignment: Script Project

10- Costing-Out A Production
1- Introduction
2- Above/Below The Line
3- Renting vs. Buying Equipment
4- Attributing Costs

11- The TV Process
1- Introduction
2- Fields and Frames
3- Camera’s Imaging Device
4- Analog and Digital Signals
Assignment: TV Process Assessment

12- World Television Standards
1- Introduction
2- Aspect Ratios
3- NTSC Broadcast Standard
4- PAL and SECAM Television Systems
5- Film and Video Conversion Processes
6- Digital and High-Definition Television
7- Anatomy of Digital TV Signals
8- World Television Standards
9- Converting Wide-Screen Formats
10- HDTV In-Set Conversion
11- Digital Cinema

13- Quiz
Quiz: Cost, Process, Standards

14- Lenses
1- Introduction
2- Lens Focal Length
3- Zoom and Prime Lenses
4- Angle of View
5- A Zoom vs. A Dolly
6- Zoom Ratio
7- Distance Speed Perspective
8- Compressing Distance
9- Wandering Road Signs
10- Apparent Speed of Objects
11- Perspective Changes

15- F-Stops and Creative Focus
1- Techniques
2- Techniques(cont)
3- Depth of Field
4- Focusing A Lens
5- Selective Focus
6- Follow Focus
7- Auto focus Lenses
8- Macro Lens Setting

16- Lens Assignment
Assignment: Lenses/ Focus Assignment

17- Filters and Lens
1- Lens Shades
2- Filters
3- Polarizing Filters
4- Contrast Control Filters
5- Color Conversion Filters
6- Fluorescent Light
7- General Considerations

18- Final Elements
1- Introduction
2- Lens Coatings
3- Cleaning Lenses
4- Rain Jackets
5- Short Boxes
6- Lens Mounts

19- Wonderful World of Color
1- Introduction
2- Subtractive Color
3- Additive Color
4- Simultaneous Contrast
5- Three-Chip Video Cameras
6- One-Chip Color Cameras
7- Video Quality I
8- The Waveform Monitor
9- Video Quality
10- Vector scope

20- Quiz
Quiz: Filters, Elements, Color

21- Video Camera Operation
1- Camera Basics
2- Video Resolution
3- Determining Resolution
4- Light Levels
5- Night Vision Modules
6- Camera Mounts
7- Camera Basics II
8- Studio Camera Mounts
9- Follow Me Camera Mount
10- Camera Jibs
11- Camera Tracks

22- Color Balancing Cameras
1- Introduction
2- White Balancing
3- Lying to Your Camera
4- Black Level
5- Color Reproduction

23- Creative Control
1- Shutter Speeds
2- Resulting Exposure
3- CCD Shutter Speed
4- Stroboscopic Effects
5- High Shutter Speeds
6- Variable Frame Rate Cameras

24- View Finders
1- Camera Viewfinder
2- Left and Right-Eyed People
3- Camera Safe Areas
4- Adjusting the Viewfinder
5- Status Indicators

25- Quiz
Quiz: Camera, Viewers, Color

26- Camera Prompters
1- Introduction
2- Hard Copy Prompters
3- Issues

27- Composition and Graphics
1- Setting the Scene
2- Form vs. Content
3- Insert Shots and Cutaways
4- Enhancing the Message
5- Defining Composition

28- Elements of Composition
1- Introduction
2- Slow = Boring
3- Depicting Emotional States
4- Selective Focus
5- Leading the Subject
6- Horizontal and Vertical Lines

29- Elements of Composition II
1- Maintaining Tonal Balance
2- Balance Mass
3- Pattern of Meaning
4- Concrete and the Abstract
5- Using Lines
6- Frame Central Subject Matter

30- Elements of Composition III
1- Introduction
2- Convey Meaning
3- Avoid Mergers
4- Number of Prime Objects
5- Balance Complexity and Order
6- Movement and Meaning

31- Quiz
Quiz: Elements of Compostion

32- Graphics and Virtual Reality Sets
1- Introduction
2- Titling
3- Image Editors
4- 3-D Modeling and Animation
5- Electronic Graphics
6- Graphics and Virtual Reality Sets II
7- Motion Tracking

33- Lighting
1- Introduction
2- Light Coherence
3- Hard/Soft Lighting
4- Ultra-Soft Lighting
5- Color Temperature
6- Varying Color Temperature
7- Broken Spectrum Sources
8- Fluorescents
9- Types of Discharge Lights
10- Controlling Intensity
11- Studio/Field Light Levels
12- Light Meters
13- Light Meters II
14- Sensitivity of a Video Camera
15- Color Temperature Meters
16- Controlling Light Intensity

34- Lighting II
1- Lighting Instruments
2- Fresnels/Scoops
3- Ellipsoidal Spots
4- Camera Lights
5- Attachments to Lighting Instruments
6- The Key Light
7- Key Light Considerations
8- The Key’s Vertical Angle
9- Sun As a Key
10- Background Lights
11- The Fill Light
12- The Back Light

35- Lighting III
1- Lighting Ratios
2- Back Light Intensity
3- Subject-to-Background Distance
4- Special Lighting
5- Bounced Light
6- Lighting Multiple Subjects
7- Area Lighting
8- Natural Light
9- Altering Appearances
10- Minimizing Surface Detail
11- High/Low Key
12- Final Issues
13- Lighting Plot
14- Setting Up Lights
15- Power Issues
Quiz: Lighting

36- Creating a floorplan for the studio set
Assignment: project

37- Audio
1- The Basics
2- Loudness
3- Frequency
4- Listening Conditions
5- Microphones
6- Dynamic Microphones
7- Types of Mics
8- Directional Characteristics
9- Cardioid
10- Microphones II
11- Positioning Handheld Mics
12- Forced Perception
13- Mic Connectors
14- Wireless Microphones
15- Transmitting Range
16- Wireless Mic
17- Off-Camera
18- The Shotgun Mic
19- Microphone Booms

38- Audio II
1- Sound Types
2- Multi-Track Recording
3- X-Y and M-S Micing Techniques
4- Keeping Dialogue
5- Surround-Sound
6- Digital Audio
7- Copying vs. Cloning
8- Audio Levels
9- Audio Control Devices
10- Microphones in the Studio
11- Multiple Mics
12- Audio Mixer Controls
13- Audio Recording
14- Compact Discs
15- Audio Recording II
16- Computer Hard Drives
17- Audio Editing Systems
18- Wrapping Up Audio
19- Compressors
20- Audio Expanders
Assignment: Audio Assignment
Assignment: Create an Audio Quiz

40- Video Recording
1- Introduction
2- Videotape Recording Process
3- Disk-Based Recording
4- Solid State Memory
5- Consumer Video Formats
6- Digital Compression
7- Compression Codecs
8- Consumer Video Formats
9- Digital Formats
10- RAM Recording
11- Professional Video Formats
12- One-Inch, Reel-to-Reel
13- Error-Correction Circuitry
14- Professional Digital Formats
15- DVCAM, Digital Betacam
16- High-Definition Formats
17- Video Recorder Operations
18- Spot-Checking a Tape
19- Care/Handling of Videotape
Quiz: Voice Recording

42- Editing
1- Continuity Editing
2- Changing Expected Continuity
3- Acceleration Editing
4- Causality
5- Continuity Techniques
6- Relational/Thematic Editing
7- Solving Continuity Problems
8- Bridging Interview Edits
9- Shooting Angles
10- Technical Continuity
11- Things To Be Alert For
12- Continuity Issues

43- Editing II
1- Editing Guidelines
2- Maintaining Consistency
3- Editing Guidelines II
4- Varying Tempo
5- Five Rules for Editing
6- Linear and Nonlinear Editing
7- Laptop Editing Systems
8- Video Servers
9- Making Use of Time-Code
10- Breaking the Code
11- Drop-Frame Time-code
12- User Bits
13- Longitudinal Time-code (LTC)
14- Jam-Sync in VITC Editing
15- On-Line and Off-Line Editing
16- Digital Editing
17- Paper-and-Pencil Edit
Quiz: Editing

45- Producing/Directing
1- Studio Production
2- The Directing Process
3- Color Bars, Slate Countdown Clock
4- Standby
5- Need to Anticipate
6- Video Switchers
7- Video Switchers II
8- Chroma Key
9- Multiple-Camera Remotes
10- On-Location Survey
11- Camera Positions
12- Audio Concerns
13- Single-Camera Production
14- Film-Style Dramatic Production
15- The Master Shot
16- Actors and Talent

46- TV Jobs Assignment
Assignment: TV Jobs

47- News and Documentary
1- Introduction
2- Difference Between ENG and EFP
3- Broadcast News
4- Popular Documentaries
5- Controversial Subject Matter
6- ENG Personnel
7- Video Journalists
8- News Producer’s Checklist
9- News and Documentary
10- On-Location News Interview
11- Be Prepared
12- Commitment and Courage
13- Transmissions
14- Fiber Optics
15- Microwave Links
16- The Cano beam System
17- Satellites
18- Satellites II
19- Flyaway Units
Quiz: News

48- Documentary Essay
Essay: Documentary Essay

49- Legal and Ethical
1- Introduction
2- Privacy-Public/Private Individuals
3- Intrusion
4- Guidelines for Intrusion
5- Shield Laws
6- Defamation
7- Staging
8- Moral Development
9- Comparable Footage
10- Public Domain
11- Music and Sound Effect
12- Do’s and Don’ts

50- Non-Broadcast Television
1- Introduction
2- Institutional Video
3- Presentation Formats
4- Vocational Video
5- Careers
6- Careers II
7- On-Camera/Behind-the-Camera
8- Colleges for Broadcasting
9- Broadcast Journalism
10- Internships
11- Résumés
12- Sample Résumé
13- Sample Cover Letter
14- Video Awards
15- Personal Interview
16- A Final Word

51- TV Supervisor Assignment
Assignment: TV Supervisor

52- Course Survey
1- Course Survey
Handout: Course Survey
Assignment: Course Survey