Course Description

This course is aligned with Florida’s Next Generation Sunshine State Standards for 7th grade science. This class focuses mainly on life sciences, with additional discussions of scientific inquiry and energy. The students will review the nature of science and how to design an effective experiment. They will practice using the scientific method in order to answer a question about their lives. The students will then learn about sound and light, including why light reflects and why some materials allow light to pass through while others do not. They will then learn about energy transformations and the first and second laws of thermodynamics. The rock cycle and the types of rock, including what they tell us about the Earth’s history, are then discussed. The students will learn how and why the Earth changes through events like earthquakes and volcanoes. They will then learn about ecosystems, how much they can support and why, and how they can be damaged. The students will also learn about how organisms can interact with each other in terms of biodiversity and symbiosis. The flow of energy in ecosystems is explained through the interpreting of food chains and food webs. The students will then learn about how organisms and species evolve over time through natural selection and in response to changes in the environment. Finally, the students will learn about heredity and reproduction, including how to use a Punnett square to predict the traits of offspring.

Course Objectives
  • Describe the scientific method and explain the value of observation and measurement in scientific investigations.
  • Describe the general nature of the Solar System, the Earth and Moon and their movements.
  • Explain how various Earth materials are formed and how the Earth changes over time through storms and other natural events such as volcanic eruptions.
  • Explain the concepts of force and motion and describe simple machines.
  • Know the systems of the human body and their functions.
  • Explain how living things respond to their environment and change over time
  • Understand concepts of ecology, and define terms such as habitat, ecosystem, producer and consumer.
  • Know resources that we obtain from the Earth and the affects of human population on those resources.
  • Explain how air and water become polluted.
  • Describe what biodiversity is and why it is important to Earth.